• Formative pruning on nursery or young trees.
  • Pruning for fruit production.
  • Removal of diseased/damaged wood.
  • Pruning for containment.


  • Removal of internal branching to allow light penetration.
  • To allow air movement.
  • To relieve congestion.
  • To pre-empt the tree by removing the wood which the tree will eventually kill off itself. This will allow controlled and safe removal.
  • To promote crown growth, which is more beneficial to the tree.

Crown lifting

  • Removal of the lowest portion of the trees crown. This will give the appearance of the entire crown being raised.
  • To allow for passage below i.e. for mowing or pedestrian/vehicular movement.
  • To allow for an improved field of view.
  • For aesthetic purposes.

Dead wooding

  • The removal of dead and storm damaged wood within the crown of a tree for safety purposes.

Crown cleaning

  • All of the above incorporated into no more than 30% of the trees living tissue.


  • To reduce the overall extent of the crown
  • For containment of a tree within a given space.
  • To alleviate weight stress upon the tree
  • For aesthetic value.


  • To reduce an unruly crown into a more suitable shape.
  • To balance the crown after prior work or damage.


  • The insertion of a non-invasive material component within the crown in order to retain a large and potentially liable limb or stem, in turn maintaining the overall appearance of the tree


  • Straight felling of a tree where it is safe to do so. This is the quickest way of removing a tree.


  • Where it isn’t safe to straight fell a tree i.e. where there may be an obstacle which could be damaged, the tree is climbed and dismantled in sections to ensure safe removal.

Technical dismantle

  • Where the tree is in such an awkward position that it isn’t safe to fell or even place sections of the tree via dismantling, the tree must be dismantled by sections lowered to the ground by means of rope rigging or crane.

Stump grinding

  • Using a mechanical grinding machine to remove stem and major root systems after felling/dismantling, allowing for re-planting and or landscaping


  • Most sizes and any species of tree can be planted as long as the ground is prepared properly and after care is maintained.


  • Ground level and aerial,-trees can be inspected for general health and to determine any potential for failure of main structure and root systems. Aerial inspections are the only way to determine the general health of the uppermost portion of a trees crown. Invasive techniques may sometimes be necessary to determine the percentage of sound wood within a tree.