• In a juvenile woodland poorly established and dead trees which are going to encourage disease or hinder the strength of growth of a healthy crop are removed.


  • The method of removing the weaker and failing portion of a woodlands tree stock, allowing space and light for the stronger remaining trees.

Clear felling

  • Crown raising

Crown raising

  • To remove the lowest branches of all the trees in a woodland allowing space and light for lower storey flora, fauna and fungi. Also to improve the value of the trees in their final form as saw logs.


  • A well planed planting scheme may be implemented with consideration of species in relation to soil types, topography, geography, aesthetic, amenity and crop values.